Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus (a long, hollow tube that runs from throat to stomach). Esophageal cancer usually begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer can occur anywhere along the esophagus. Type of treatment patient receive for Esophageal cancer, depends on the type of cells involved in cancer, cancer’s stage, overall health of patient and preferences for treatment.

Symptoms of Esophageal cancer include:

Causes of Esophageal Cancer:

Surgery of Esophageal Cancer

Surgery to remove the cancer can be used alone or in combination with other treatments. Operations used to treat Esophageal cancer include:

Esophageal cancer surgery carries a risk of serious complications, such as infection, bleeding and leakage from the area where the remaining esophagus is reattached to the stomach.

Treatments for complications

Treatments for Esophageal obstruction and difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) can include:


Chemotherapy is drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy can also be combined with radiation therapy. In people with advanced cancer that has spread beyond the esophagus, chemotherapy may be used alone to help relieve signs and symptoms caused by the cancer.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-powered X-ray beams to kill cancer cells. Radiation typically will come from a machine outside your body that aims the beams at your cancer (external beam radiation). Radiation therapy is most often combined with chemotherapy in people with Esophageal cancer.

Combined chemotherapy and radiation

Combining chemotherapy and radiation therapy may enhance the effectiveness of each treatment. Combined chemotherapy and radiation may be the only treatment you receive, or combined therapy can be used before surgery. But combining chemotherapy and radiation treatments increases the likelihood and severity of side effects.


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